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The lack of team performance measurement systems within organizations is not due to a lack of knowledge about how to create and implement team performance measurement systems but to a failure to translate this information to those “in the trenches.” In this chapter, we attempt to do just that–translate what we know. To accomplish this, we first briefly outline the basic elements that compose a team performance measurement system based on what we know about teamwork. Second, we identify some practical requirements for developing, implementing, and evaluating teamwork skills. We accomplish this by listing six “lessons” that have been learned about teams and team effectiveness. Within each lesson are practical requirement(s) for those responsible for measurement within organizations. Finally, we identify specific examples of tools and methods used to evaluate team skills and how they relate back to measurement requirements. These tools relate to both the evaluation of behavioral skills, as well as attitudinal requirements needed for effective teamwork. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved)